Geodesic patterns

H. Pottmann, Q. Huang, B. Deng, A. Schiftner, M. Kilian, L. Guibas, J. Wallner
ACM Transactions on Graphics, volume 29, issue 4, article no. 43, (2010)

Geodesic patterns

Keywords

Computational differential geometry,  Architectural geometry,  Geometry of webs,  Timber rib shell, Cladding, Freeform surface, Pattern, Geodesic, Jacobi field

Abstract

​Geodesic curves in surfaces are not only minimizers of distance, but they are also the curves of zero geodesic (sideways) curvature. It turns out that this property makes patterns of geodesics the basic geometric entity when dealing with the cladding of a freeform surface with wooden panels which do not bend sideways. Likewise a geodesic is the favored shape of timber support elements in freeform architecture, for reasons of manufacturing and statics. Both problem areas are fundamental in freeform architecture, but so far only experimental solutions have been available. This paper provides a systematic treatment and shows how to design geodesic patterns in different ways: The evolution of geodesic curves is good for local studies and simple patterns; the level set formulation can deal with the global layout of multiple patterns of geodesics; finally geodesic vector fields allow us to interactively model geodesic patterns and perform surface segmentation into panelizable parts.

Code

DOI: 10.1145/1778765.1778780

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